Parts of Lanna Traditional Houses

Parts of Lanna Traditional Houses


รุปภาพเพิ่มเติม
Roof Structures

1. Pae-Jong (ridge board)
This is a long diamond-shape quadrangle wood extending the length of the roof. It protrudes slightly from the roof at the front and the back of the house. It’s located on the very top of the roof structure and is connected to the Dung, Jua and Tang-yo.

2. Dung (king post)
This is a wide timber which is supporting the Pae-Jong. The bottom part of Dung is connected to Kue by mortise and tenon joint while the top is thinner so it can be mated with Pae-Jong. This makes a secure connection to support the weight.

3.Tang-Yo (principal rafter)
They are connected on the top to the Dung and Pae-Jong. Its function is to support the weight of the roof similar to the gable. Tang-Yo is only found in the room without the gable.

4. Kau-Yang
These can be thin planks of wood or they can also be whole bamboo trunks. They run through the gables and help supporting Dung. They also used as a foothold for the maintenance of the roof tiles.

5. Kue (tie beam)
Kue form the lower part of the roof structure. A horizontal beam forming the base of a triangular truss for a pitched roof, connecting the two side walls and supporting a pair of principals. They have the same width as the house and help transfer the weight of the roof to the pillar. They are mortised and connected to top of the pillar by the Hau Tean (tenon). The ends of Kue also need to be joined with Pae-Hau-Sao (eave strut/eaves beam/wall plate). A horizontal beam forming the base of a triangular truss for a pitched roof, connecting the two side walls and supporting a pair of principals.

6. Mai Kan Fah (roofing battens)
Mai Kan Fah are supported by Gorn and has the same length as the roof. They provide the fixing point for Din-Koh (clay roofing tiles).

7. Pae (purlin)
A square beam laid down along the length of the house. The ends of Pae protrude out the same as Pae-Jong.

8. Gorn (common rafters)
Gorn are wooden beams supported by Pae (purlin). The top is connected to Pae-Jong (ridge board). Their bottom ends project beyond the side of the house to form the eaves.

9. Pae-Loi
The last of the Pae at the bottom most part of Gorn near the roof edge.

10. Yang
These are thin square timbers extend through the pillar near the top ends. They extend about 50 - 60 cm. to support Pae-Loi which in turns supporting Gorn along the length of the roof.

11. Peek-Yang
Thin square timbers used for supporting by taking the weight from Yang to pillars.

12. Hang-Rin (gutter)
This is the roof gutter which is a dug out timber running the length of the roof. It runs between the two gable roof.

More Images

image-1
image-1
image-1
Copyright © 2016 The Center for the Promotion of Arts and Culture, Chiang Mai University, All rights reserved.

The Center for the Promotion of Arts and Culture, Chiang Mai University
Opening hours: Mon-Fri 08.30 am.-04.30 pm. Sat-Sun Close
Tel. +66(0) 5394 3624 -5
Fax. +66(0) 5322 2680, +66(0) 5394 3625


Lanna Traditional House Museum
Opening hours: Mon-Fri 08.30 am.-04.30 pm. Sat-Sun 09.00 am.-04.30 pm.
Close on bank holidays
Tel. +66(0) 5394 3626


Address: 239 Huay Kaew Road, Muang District, Chiang Mai Thailand, 50200
Email: artculture.cmu@gmail.com