Parts of Lanna Traditional Houses

Parts of Lanna Traditional Houses


รุปภาพเพิ่มเติม
The Structure of Lanna Traditional Houses

1.Tong (joist)
These are rectangular wooden beam running along the length of the house and are supported by Wang. Smaller in size they are positioned vertically and perpendicular to Wang. Tong is usually the same length as the house. They usually positioned approximately 20cm apart.

2.Soa (pillars)
Soa are often round but sometimes octagonal. Their diameter is usually 25-30 cm. After sinking the pillars into the ground, the length of the rest of pillars which is standing above ground is about equal to the that below the ground. There are slots for inserting Wang. On the top, they are shaped into tenons 4-5 cm. in diameter and 10-15 cm. in length for attaching Kue and Pae Hua Sao(purlin). This tenon is called Deaw or Hau Tian.

3.Wang (girder/beam/bearer)
A rectangular beam which supports Tong also to support another storey of the floor.

4.Mai-Pan-Tong
A central floor plank which have the same length as other floor planks but thicker. Mai-Pan-Tong separates the bedroom into the East and the West side. The space on the East is used for sleeping and the space on the West is used for storage. It also sits on a floor stud.



The Structure of Lanna Traditional Houses

1.Soa-Dung (king post)
These are posts which are located in the middle of the house to support Pae-jong and Kue.

2.Soa-Pok (stump/short pillar)
A pillar which has the same diameter as the normal pillar but shorter with the lower part supported by a beam. The top is shaped into a tenon to support a beam. Soa-Pok and crossbeam support the room on top without pillars, so the area under the roof will be an open space.

3.Pae-Hau-Sao (eave strut/eaves beam/wall plate)
Square beam similar to Pae (purlin) but some of the houses use thicker wood. They are laid on top of Kue (tie beam) along the length of the house. The overlapping part has been mortised to connect and fit with the tenon from the pillar. Pae-Hau-Sao helps braced the top of pillar (Hau-Soa) between each room and also support weight from the roof. It also acts as a wall plate holding the top part of the wall. Pae-Hau-Sao is a long piece of wood, the same length as Tong and Pae-Jong.


The Structure of Lanna Traditional Houses

1.Wang-Geeb (twin girder/beam)
A pair of Wang (girder) which sits on either side of a pillar. A single Wang-Geeb sits only on one side but has a short piece of wood on the other. This short piece is called Hoo-Pan.

2.Laab-Wang
A long piece of wood which go through the pillars, running the length of the house. They support Wang-Geeb.

3. Soa-Pok (stump/short pillar)
A short wooden post which does not go through the floor of the house. It supports Wang.

4. Hoo-Pan
A short piece of wood attach to a pillar to support Wang-Geeb.


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Lanna Traditional House Museum
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